After months of shrugging off the prospects of persistently higher inflation in the U.S., interest rate traders are now coming to the realization that price pressures aren’t going away and significantly readjusting their expectations.
So-called “fixings,” which trade as derivatives on the likelihood of where future consumer-price gains will land, are now at levels that imply a headline year-over-year CPI print of 5.9% in October, and 6.4% in both November and December, said Tim Magnusson, partner and senior portfolio manager at Garda Capital Partners LP in Minneapolis. The October reading alone would be the highest level in more than 30 years.
The shift in thinking comes after months in which financial markets and Federal Reserve policy makers have consistently been caught off guard by the strength and persistency of price pressures.
The 1-year forward inflation market, for example, was priced a year ago for inflation to be below 2% by now, compared to its September level above 5%, and is currently priced for realized inflation to be around 3.77% over the next year. Meanwhile, a five-year measure of inflation expectations hit its highest level since April 2005 on Wednesday.
“The market (and the Fed) has continually under-estimated how high inflation could go in 2021,” Magnusson said via email on Thursday. “The FOMC’s thinking is clearly evolving on this topic, but the rates market has woken up and started to price for hikes in 2022, which makes a lot of sense to us.”
While actual CPI rises could come in lower than what’s implied by the fixings, “it is doubtful that they do given what we already know about prices like used cars, rents, food, energy, etc.” said Magnusson, whose firm manages $7.5 billion in assets.
Thursday’s $19 billion 5-year TIPS auction, which produced strong demand, was evidence of how much investors are looking for inflation protection, ahead of the next Fed policy meeting in early November.
On Thursday, most U.S. Treasury yields drifted higher, with the 10-year yield
hovering around 1.67%.
U.S. stocks have been consolidating Thursday after this week’s rally, with the Dow industrials
down by 0.3% or more than 100 points and the S&P 500
marginally lower. The Nasdaq Composite Index
was up 0.4%.